The digital nomad visa has two main requirements:
1. Work: working for one or more companies or clients not based in Ecuador. This work has to be autonomous, professional work or dependent work in the form of working remotely, digitally or by telecommuting. You are also eligible for this visa when you have your own company.
2. Citizenship: being a citizen from one of the following countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrein, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belice, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic,
Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italia, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, North Macedonia, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Thomas and Prince, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Salomon Islands, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
- Passport: your original passport, a color copy of the page with your personal data, and a color copy of the page with your last entry stamp. You can only apply for a visa in Ecuador if you have entered Ecuador legally. The entry stamp in your passport should show this. A visa can only be issued if you have at least 6 more months of validity left on your passport at the moment of the issuance of the visa. The visa system cannot register visas with less time left.
- Passport photos: two color passport sized photos (2 x 2 inches or 5cm x 5cm) with a white background.
- Visa waiver extension: only if you apply for your visa in Ecuador. If you have an extension of a visa waiver, you must bring the pdf that has been sent to your e-mail address.
- Certificate of migratory movements: only if you apply for your visa in Ecuador. See How to obtain a certificate of migratory movements to learn how you can obtain this document.
- Criminal background check: from the country or countries where you have lived during the last five years before your arrival in Ecuador. Background checks cannot be older than 180 days from the date of issue until your last arrival in Ecuador. The date of issuance is taken into account, not the date of apostillization or legalization. If you are younger than 18 years, you don't need to show a criminal background check. Criminal background checks that were not issued in Ecuador have to be apostilled or legalized. They need a notarized translation if they are not in the Spanish language. USA citizens need two criminal background checks: (1) a federal criminal background check from the FBI (must be apostilled by the U.S. Department of State in Washington DC), and (2) a state criminal background check (must be apostilled by the State of Department in the corresponding state).
- Proof of income: copies or prints of foreign bank statements that show (1) an income of USD 1,275 per month during the three months prior to the visa application, or (2) an income of USD 15,300 for each year of the the duration of the visa.
- Proof of work: documents which show that 1) you work for or deliver services to an employer, client, or foreign company, based outside of Ecuador, and that (2) this work is autonomous, professional work or dependent work in the form of working remotely, digitally or by telecommuting. An example is a letter or certificate from the company or companies for which you work. If you work for your own company, you have to proof that (1) you are the owner of the companey and that (2) the company is registered and located abroad. If the documents were not issued in Ecuador, they have to be apostilled or legalized. If not in the Spanish language, they need in Ecuador notarized translations.
- Proof of health insurance: a certificate or contract from an Ecuadorian or foreign insurance company. The health insurance has to be valid during the duration of the visa. In case of a healthcare insurance from a foreign health insurance company, the certificate or contract has to state that the insurance has coverage in Ecuador. If the certificate or contract was not issued in Ecuador, it has to be apostilled or legalized. If not in the Spanish language, it needs an in Ecuador notarized translation.
- Birth certificate: if from abroad: apostilled or legalized. If not in the Spanish language: notarized translation.
US citizens: apostille from the Secretary of State in the state in which the birth certificate was issued.
- High school or college/university diploma: if you want an Ecuadorian driver's license. Some offices of the National Traffic Agency demand a diploma from a high school or college/university when you apply for an Ecuadorian driver’s license. If the diploma is from abroad it has to be apostilled or legalized. If not in the Spanish language: notarized translation in Ecuador. US citizens: apostille from the Secretary of State of the state where it was issued.
- Divorce certificate: in case you want to marry in Ecuador. If from abroad: apostilled or legalized. If not in the Spanish language: notarized translation.
- Spouse's death certificate: in case you are a widow and want to marry in Ecuador. If from abroad: apostilled or legalized. If not in the Spanish language: notarized translation.
How to Apply for the Digital Nomad Visa
You can apply for this visa on the following (official) website: Consulado Virtual.
Your visa will be issued by sending an e-visa to your e-mail address. Within one month of the issuance of the visa you have to physically show the required documents at an office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. If you fail to show these document in time, your visa will be canceled.
- Visa application fee: $50 (non-refundable). ($25 if you are 65+; for free if you have a disability equal to or more than 30%)
- Visa granting fee: $400 (only if the visa is approved). ($200 if you are 65+; for free if you have a disability equal to or more than 30%)
- Obtaining documents: these costs vary. They are usually between $100 and $400. Take into account apostilles or legalizations, translations and notary costs for translations, transportation costs, and postage costs.
Your digital nomad visa is valid for 24 months. This means that after obtaining this visa you have the right to stay in Ecuador for 24 months.
Being outside of Ecuador
There is no time limit on how long you can be outside of Ecuador. You can enter and leave Ecuador as many times as you want during the 24 months window of your visa.
In case you want to apply for a permanent resident visa after your digital nomad visa, you cannot leave the country for more than 90 days in total during the term of your visa. For example: you can make five 14-days trips to another country (70 days in total), but you cannot make seven 14- days trips (98 days in total).
After having received your visa, you can apply for a cédula (Ecuadorian identity card). Applying for a cédula is not obligatory. See How to obtain an Ecuadorian cédula for the first time for the advantages of having a cédula and the application procedure.
See the Reglamento a la Ley Orgánica de Movilidad Humana for official information. The digital nomad visa is called visa de residencia temporal rentista para trabajo remoto in this document.