Johan Klok

    English proficiency: Colombia ranks 77 out of 111 countries

    In the 2022 EF English Proficiency Index (EF EPI (pdf)), Colombia ranks 77 out of 111 countries with 477 points out of 700. The country with the best results is the Netherlands (661 points).

    Ranking in Latin America (see also the added image):

    1. Argentina (662)
    2. Costa Rica (636)
    3. Cuba (636)
    4. Paraguay (626)
    5. Bolivia (626)
    6. Chile (624)
    7. Honduras (622)
    8. Uruguay (621)
    9. El Salvador (619)
    10. Peru (517)
    11. Dominican Republic (514)
    12. Brazil (505)
    13. Guatemala (505)
    14. Nicaragua (499)
    15. Venezuela (492)
    16. Panama (482)
    17. Colombia (477)
    18. Ecuador (466)
    19. Mexico (447)
    20. Haiti (421)

    Johan Klok

    New scheduled flights between Bogotá and Caracas

    Turpial Airlines from Venezuela has started scheduled flights between Bogotá and Caracas. The first scheduled flight from Caracas landed today (Monday, November 7, 2022) at El Dorado Airport in Bogatá. This was the first scheduled flight between Colombia and Venezuela in three years.

    Turpial will offer flights with Boeing 737s in both directions on Mondays and Saturdays. Tickets cost about 2 million COP and can be bought on the Turpial Airlines website.


    Johan Klok

    Informational brochure about monkeypox virus infections

    The Ministry of Health and Social Protection has published a brochure about monkeypox virus infections in Colombia. Below you can read the highlights from this brochure:


    What is it? 

    A monkeypox virus infection is an infection caused by the monkeypox virus, which is a virus that can be transmitted to humans by other humans and animals infected with the virus. It has similar symptoms to smallpox, however, clinically it is less serious. 


    How is it transmitted? 

    • Animal-to-human transmission can occur through direct contact with blood, body fluids, skin lesions, or mucous membranes of infected animals. 
    • Eating undercooked meat and other animal products from infected animals is a possible risk factor. risk. People who live in or near wooded areas can have indirect or low-level exposure to infected animals. 


    • Person-to-person transmission can result from close contact with a) respiratory droplets (coughs and sneezes) of an infected person, b) lesions on the skin of an infected person, c) the clothes of an infected person, or d) recently contaminated objects. 


    • The transmission through respiratory droplets generally requires face-to-face contact. 
    • Transmission can also occur through the mother's placenta to the fetus or during close contact during and after birth. 
    • Although close physical contact is a well-known risk factor for transmission, it is currently unclear whether monkeypox can be transmitted specifically through sexual transmission routes. 


    What are the signs and symptoms? 


    • Clinical signs of monkeypox are usually fever, skin rash, and swollen lymph nodes. 
    • Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease, with symptoms that last from 2 to 4 weeks. 
    • Recently, the fatality rate has been around 3%-6%. 
    • The infection can be divided into two periods: The period of invasion (between 0 and 5 days) characterized by fever, severe headache, lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), back pain, myalgia (painful muscles), and severe asthenia (lack of energy). 
    • Lymphadenopathy is a distinguishing feature of monkeypox compared to other diseases that may initially seem to be similar (chickenpox, measles, smallpox). 
    • The skin rash usually begins within 1 to 3 days from the onset of fever. The rash tends to concentrate more on the face and limbs than on the trunk. The eruption evolves sequentially from macules (lesions with a flat base) to papules (firm, slightly raised lesions), vesicles (lesions filled with clear fluid), pustules (lesions filled with yellowish fluid), and scabs that dry out and fall off. They can give an itchy sensation. 


    How is a monkeypox virus infection diagnosed?  

    • Confirmation of a case can only be done by a laboratory by taking fluid samples from the interior of skin lesions. These samples must be sent to the Laboratorio Nacional de Referencia of the Instituto Nacional de Salud.


    Treatment of a monkeypox virus infection

    • There is no specific treatment for monkeypox virus infections. 
    • There are antivirals approved for treatment but they are not widely available in the world. 
    • To relieve the symptoms and control complications, and prevent long-term after-effects, patients should be given plenty of food and fluids to maintain an adequate hydration and nutrition status.


    What are the preventive measures?

    • Avoid unprotected contact with wild animals (including their meat, blood and other parts), especially those animals which are sick or dead.
    • Avoid close contact with infected people to reduce the risk of person-to-person transmission. 
    • The vaccine against smallpox can be effective but is not available on the market. 
    • In 2019, a vaccine against monkeypox was approved but this vaccine has limited availability in the world. 


    If you notice the signs and symptoms of a monkeypox virus infection

    Contact your EPS. |


    If you have had contact with a confirmed case

    Contact your EPS.



    Johan Klok

    Bogota's new Cancer Treatment and Research Center has been inaugurated

    Today, the Luis Carlos Sarmiento Angulo Cancer Treatment and Research Center (CTIC) in Bogotá has been inaugurated. The construction of this new hospital started in 2017 and was completed earlier this year. 


    The CTIC aims to position itself as a leading hospital in technology, treatment, and research on cancer. It is equipped with a total of 12 functional clinical units, one for each type of cancer. The hospital has high-tech equipment such as the CyberKnife system, a non-invasive robotic alternative used for radiosurgery in the treatment of tumors. Among its facilities are also 56 infusion chairs for chemotherapy, nine operating rooms, and 30 intensive care beds. 


    The CTIC is owned and operated by the Sarmiento Angulo Cancer Treatment and Research Center Foundation, which is a non-profit institution. 


    The services of the CTIC are available to all citizens and residents of Colombia, regardless of their type of healthcare affiliation. If you need the services of this new hospital, you can make a request at your EPS. Family members of patients will be allowed to accompany them 24 hours a day.


    Johan Klok

    The top 20 tastes of Colombia



    Johan Klok

    Gross domestic product (GDP) per department

    In billion pesos:


    Johan Klok

    European prince gets married in Cartagena

    Prince Josef-Emanuel of Liechtenstein and Claudia Echavarria from Colombia married in Cartagena yesterday. They held an extravagant ceremony in the San Pedro Claver church.


    32-years old Josef-Emanuel is the son of Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg and Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein. He is currently 16th in line for the throne of Liechtenstein.


    Claudia Echavarria, known as Cloclo, is a well-known socialite in Cartagena, Colombia. She grew up in Miami and Geneva and is now based in London.     



    Johan Klok

    LATAM starts flying between Bogotá and Quito on April 1

    On the first of April, LATAM will start flying between Bogotá and Quito There will be 5 flights per week on the following days: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday.


    In Quito, there will be connections to other destinations of LATAM in Ecuador.